) is the largest city in the state of Wisconsin and the fifth-largest city in the Midwestern United States.
The county seat of Milwaukee County, it is on Lake Michigan's western shore.
According to the 2010 census, Milwaukee has a population of 594,833.
The first Europeans to pass through the area were French Catholic missionaries and fur traders.In 1818, the French Canadian explorer Solomon Juneau settled in the area, and in 1846 Juneau's town combined with two neighboring towns to incorporate as the City of Milwaukee.Large numbers of German immigrants helped increase the city's population during the 1840s, with Poles and other immigrants arriving in the following decades.Known for its brewing traditions, major new additions to the city include the Milwaukee Riverwalk, the Wisconsin Center, Miller Park, an expansion to the Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee Repertory Theater, and Pier Wisconsin, as well as major renovations to the UW–Milwaukee Panther Arena and the planned Milwaukee Bucks Arena, scheduled to open in 2018.In addition, many new skyscrapers, condos, lofts and apartments have been built in neighborhoods on and near the lakefront and riverbanks.
The first recorded inhabitants of the Milwaukee area are the Menominee, Fox, Mascouten, Sauk, Potawatomi, Ojibwe (all Algic/Algonquian peoples) and Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) (a Siouan people) Native American tribes.Many of these people had lived around Green Bay before migrating to the Milwaukee area around the time of European contact.In the second half of the 18th century, the Indians at Milwaukee played a role in all the major wars on the American continent.During the French and Indian War, a group of "Ojibwas and Pottawattamies from the far [Lake] Michigan" (i.e., the area from Milwaukee to Green Bay) joined the French-Canadian Daniel Liénard de Beaujeu at the Battle of the Monongahela.After American independence, the Indians fought the United States in the Northwest Indian War as part of the Council of Three Fires.During the War of 1812, Indians held a council in Milwaukee in June 1812, which resulted in their decision to attack Chicago.