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Eurosurveillance remains in the updated list of the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ).It was first added to the DOAJ on 9 September 2004.Eurosurveillance is also listed in the Securing a Hybrid Environment for Research Preservation and Access / Rights MEtadata for Open archiving (SHERPA/Ro MEO) [2], a database which uses a colour‐coding scheme to classify publishers according to their self‐archiving policy and to show the copyright and open access self-archiving policies of academic journals.

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Citation style for this article: Venturi G, Zammarchi L, Fortuna C, Remoli ME, Benedetti E, Fiorentini C, Trotta M, Rizzo C, Mantella A, Rezza G, Bartoloni A. On the day after his arrival, he developed a confluent maculopapular rash, on the face, trunk, arms, and legs, with fever (maximum temperature 38 °C), conjunctivitis, and frontal headache with retroocular pain.

An autochthonous case of Zika due to possible sexual transmission, Florence, Italy, 2014. Four days later, patient 1 was admitted to the Infectious and Tropical Diseases Unit of the Florence Careggi University Hospital.

Blood tests revealed leucopenia (3,000 cells/µL; reference: 4,000–10,000/µL) while creatinine, platelet count and transaminases were normal. 6 days after symptoms onset), showed past exposure to measles and parvovirus, negative results for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) 1–2 Ab/Ag and chikungunya Ig M, a positive result for dengue virus (DENV) Ig M, and negative results for DENV Ig G, as well as DENV NS1 Ag (Table).

Tests performed at the Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome (Italy).

Commercial Ig M-capture ELISA system (Focus Diagnostics dengue Virus Ig M Capture, Dx Select, California, US).

Reference values (index): Test retrospectively performed in 2016 on stored samples.

Zika virus for PRNT was kindly provided by Dr Isabelle Leparc-Goffart of the French National Reference Center on Arboviruses in Marseille.

The test was performed as described in detail for tick-borne encephalitis virus [31], except that Vero cells were used here.

The symptoms subsequently rapidly resolved (total duration of fever and rash: 6 days) and he was discharged nine days after admission with a probable diagnosis of DENV infection.

Perifocal vector control activities (including spraying adult mosquitoes and destruction of larval breeding sites) were implemented the day after the availability of DENV Ig M positive results, around the patient’s residence and workplace, even though the period of activity of Aedes albopictus in Italy is usually considered to start in June and end in October [1].

A second and third blood test using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), performed 38 and 109 days after symptoms onset, showed DENV Ig G seroconversion and Ig M negativisation in the third sample.