The term "field hockey" is used primarily in Canada and the United States where ice hockey is more popular.
During play, goal keepers are the only players who are allowed to touch the ball with any part of their body (the player's hand is considered 'part of the stick' if on the stick), while field players play the ball with the flat side of their stick.
If the score is tied at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time or a penalty shootout, depending on the competition's format.
There are many variations to overtime play that depend on the league and tournament play.
In college play, a seven-aside overtime period consists of a 10-minute golden goal period with seven players for each team.
The game can be played on a grass field or a turf field as well as an indoor board surface.
Each team plays with eleven players including the goalie.
Players use sticks made out of wood, carbon fibre, fibre glass or a combination of carbon fibre and fibre glass in different quantities (with the higher carbon fibre stick being more expensive and less likely to break) to hit a round, hard, plastic ball.The length of the stick depends on the player's individual height. Goalies often have a different kind of stick, however they can also use an ordinary field hockey stick.The specific goal-keeping sticks have another curve at the end of the stick.The uniform consists of shin guards, shoes, shorts, a mouth guard and a jersey.Today, the game is played globally, with particular popularity throughout western Europe, the Indian subcontinent, Southern Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Argentina, Southern and North-eastern United States (such as Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Kentucky, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania).Field Hockey is the national sport of Pakistan, and is sometimes assumed to be India's national sport as well.