Additional tests were done on six grain samples from the destruction level resulting in dates between 16 B. and 12 charcoal samples from the destruction level resulting in dates between 16 B. The literature on the subject is enormous, so I will not attempt to give you references. There is a heated debate going on among scholars concerning this, especially with regard to the date of the eruption of Thera (Santorini). Jericho is just one example of the discrepancy between historical and C14 dates for the second millennium B. C14 dates are consistently 100–150 years earlier than historical dates.
A recent overview can be found in Manfred Bietak and Felix Höflmayer, Introduction: High and Low Chronology, pp. Manfred Bietak and Ernst Czerny, Vienna: Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2007.Because of the inconsistencies and uncertainties of C14 dating, most archaeologists prefer historical dates over C14 dates. Editorial note: The evidence for the destruction of Jericho at the time the Bible describes it and the way the Bible describes it is overwhelming. To understand this process we must first understand a little bit about the atoms themselves and how they get their names.Most carbon atoms have six positively charged protons and six uncharged neutrons.
Since protons and neutrons weigh about the same, the atomic mass of ordinary carbon is 6 + 6 = 12.It is called "Carbon-12," which is abbreviated "C." The fact that the atom has six protons is what makes it carbon.Most nitrogen atoms have seven protons and seven neutrons, so their atomic mass is 7 + 7 = 14.The fact that it has seven protons is what makes it nitrogen.Other atoms are also named based on the number of protons they carry.Notice in the diagram that eight different isotopes of Carbon are illustrated.